1895 spring Several Edison kinetoscope machines are installed on the pier. 1900 October A programme by Gordon & Co of London, Sons of the Empire, includes films of the Boer War and James Williamson's Attack on a Chinese Mission. Regular shows at 15:00 and 20:00 daily. Around this time Gordon & Co ran the Rotunda and a separate franchise on the pier for Edison's phonograph and kinetoscopes. 1910 Alfred J West's Our Navy and Our Army films are still being shown. 1912 October 'Open air day and night cinema' is anattraction at the pier head. Three two-hour shows daily at 11:00, 15:00 and 19:30. A special 'day and night screen' is set back within a black proscenium'resembling a big tent' forming an enclosure seating400 people. It was still in operation six months later.
• A Mutoscope machine was on the pier in 1901.